Levantine Arabic (Arabic: اللهجة الشامية, al-lahjah aš-šāmiyyah), sometimes called Eastern Arabic, is a broad dialect of Arabic spoken in the 100 to 200 km-wide Eastern Mediterranean coastal strip. It is considered one of the five major varieties of Arabic. In the frame of the general diglossia status of the Arab world, Levantine Arabic is used for daily spoken use, while most of the written and official documents and media use Modern Standard Arabic.
On the basis of the criterion of mutual intelligibility, Levantine Arabic could be regarded as a self-standing language (with different variants or dialects as explained below), as distinct from other members of the Arabic language family such as Egyptian Arabic, Maghrebi Arabic or Peninsular Arabic, in the same way as French, Spanish and Romanian are all descended from Latin but are separate languages within the family of Romance languages. (Wikipedia)