Piedmontese (Italian: Piemontese, Piedmontese: Piemontèis) is a Romance language spoken by over 1 million people in Piedmont, northwest Italy. It is geographically and linguistically included in the Northern Italian group (with Lombard, Emiliano-Romagnolo, Ligurian, and Venetian). It is part of the wider western group of Romance languages, including French, Occitan, and Catalan.
Many European and North American linguists (e.g., Einar Haugen, Gianrenzo P. Clivio, Hans Göbl, Helmut Lüdtke, George Bossong, Klaus Bochmann, Karl Gebhardt, and Guiu Sobiela Caanitz) acknowledge Piedmontese as an independent language, though in Italy it is often still considered a dialect; on the other hand, in the Italian context, "dialect" (dialetto) refers to an indigenous language, not a variety of Italian. Today it has a certain official status recognized by the Piedmont regional government, but not by the national government.
Piedmontese was the first language of emigrants who, in the period from 1850 to 1950, left Piedmont for countries such as France, Argentina, and Uruguay. (Wikipedia)